The International Islamic Correspondence School
Department of Quranic Studies

 

LESSON 12: FAIRNESS IN DEALING



Generally it is understood that ISLAM is a religion consisting of prayers only. It is evident from the teachings of Islam mentioned in the foregoing lessons, that this concept about ISLAM is entirely wrong. On the other hand Islam renders the whole society peaceful and pleasant through piety of soul and teachings about fairness in dealings.

The vices which are responsible today for complicated problems in the world, include such harmful misdeeds, like loose talking, ill feelings, back biting, and selfishness. You will learn in this lesson, how nicely the sublime teachings of Islam train a Muslim, to avoid them.

1. One of the ways to recognise the personality of a person is his conversation. Good conversation improves mutual relations. Al-Quran therefore ordains a Muslim to always use good words.

ALLAH, the Magnificent, says :


Speak fair to the people. (2:83)

2. It is very necessary for good mutual relations that one should not harbor ill-feelings against the other and should not be in search for his deficiencies as no one likes that anyone should interfere in his personal matters. Since Islam is a natural religion, this natural feeling has also been kept in view in its teachings. Ill feelings and search for otherís deficiencies have been completely banned in Islam because they give rise to a number of problems.

ALLAH, the Magnificent, says :



O ye who believe! Avoid suspicion as much (as possible) for suspicion in some cases is a sin and spy not on each other. (49:12)

3. Back biting means mentioning, in absence of a person, the vice actually presant in him, If you think a while, you will find that the bases of a number of conflicts is that people back bite each other. When they come before each other, they meet as if no dispute exist among them. This conduct is so bad in the view of Islam, that it likens a person who back bite his brother, to one who eat the flash of dead body. This is because Islam want to keep both the appearance and the hidden selves of a Muslim clean and tidy.

ALLAH, the Magnificent, says :



Nor speak ill of each other behind their backs. Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother, nay ye would abhor it but fear ALLAH, for ALLAH is oft-returning, most merciful. (49:12)

4. By good dealings and selfless services man can win over the hearts of all people. Every one is displeased with one who deals with others ill-mannerly and remains selfish. This problem has been solved finally by Islam, by teaching good manners and selfless services.

ALLAH, the Magnificent, says :



But those who before them, had homes (In Medina) and had adopted the faith show their affection to such as came to them for refuge and entertain no desire in their hearts for things given to the (Latter) but give them preference over themselves, even though, poverty was their (Own lot) and those saved from the covetousness of their own souls, Ė they are the ones that achieve prosperity. (59:9)



5. You read in this lesson about the solutions of some-other social evils, which means that Islam presents, a system of life, which is the only solution for all the problems of the world, provided man also tries himself to avoid vices, and performs acts of piety and virtue.

ALLAH, the Magnificent, says :



Verily this Quran doth guide to that which is most right (or stable) and giveth the glad tidings to the believers who work deeds of righteousness that they shall have a magnificent reward. (17:9)

 

Questions

After going through the lesson answer the following questions according to instructions :

1. Your conversation is the identification of your personality. What are the teachings of Islam to make your personality attractive? Please replay after going through the verse (Al-Baqara / 83) given in para No. 1.

2. A number of problems are created by interfering in otherís personal matters. The verse (Al-Hujrat / 12), given in para No. 2, contains the solution, which if observed, would prevent one from interfering in th personal affairs of the otherís. Thus mutual relations can be improved. Point out this solution, after reading the above verse, over again.

3. ISLAM produces such individuals in the society, whose conduct is beyond reproach, and mutual relations of the members of the society go on improving. Tell after reading verse (Al-Hujrat / 12), what are those good manners, which can bring about such results?

4. In the verse (Al-Hashr / 89), given in Para No. 4, it has been taught to practice love, a sprit of sacrifice and abstain from grudge and greed. Describe briefly the advantages of these lessons.

5. You have read in this lesson about the solution to some other social vices. What is the result that comes out of it?

Think for a while how peaceful would your life be, if you abstain from these vices and practice these simple and beautiful teachings of Islam!

 

Answers

1 Speak always Fair to everyone, always.
2 Do not suspect people invistigate.

3 (a) Do not speak ill of each other i.e. do not back bite (b) Do not spy each other.

4 (a) One will be loved & liked by other people. (b) Our Society will be peaceful.

5 Islam in a complete way of life which solves all the problems of Mankind